Established in 1956, Anhui Museum is a grade-one national museum, a 4A tourist spot, a national patriotism education base and a provincial civilized unit of “Three Excellencies”. It boasts a collection of 200,000 pieces of cultural relics, with distinct local features. Representative of them are the bronze wares of the Xia and Shang dynasties, the four treasures of the study, Xin’an paintings and works of calligraphy, the ancient Huizhou documents, the three types of carvings of Huizhou and Pan Yuliang’s works of art. “The Huizhou ancient Architecture Exhibition” ranks among “the National Top Ten Exhibitions of Treasures.”
Anhui Museum has a glorious history. The older generation of the Party and state leaders such as Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, Deng Xiaoping, Ye jianying, Chen Yi and Peng Dehuai all came to inspect the museum at different times. When inspecting the museum on September 17, 1958, Chairman Mao Zedong made this instruction: “The major city of a Province should have such a museum. It is very important for people to be aware of their own history and creativity”. His instruction has exerted influence over the construction and development of all the museums across the country. The name of Anhui Museum inscribed by Chen Yi during his inspection of Anhui Province is still in use today.
Thanks to the care and support of the Anhui provincial Party committee and government, the old buildings of Anhui Museum have been preserved and its main body has been incorporated into the provincial heritage list. The new museum, the construction of which started in 2008, will be open to the public later in 2010.